STANREC 4800 – AMSP-04 NATO Education and Training Network Federation Agreement and FOM Design


Efficient and effective use of NATO and national Modelling & Simulation (M&S) capabilities requires standards for networking and simulation interoperability. The NETN FAFD is a NATO standard recommendation (STANREC 4800) how to represent shared data in distributed simulation environments where M&S services (federates) are connected and federated using the NATO mandated High-Level Architecture standard (STANAG 4603).

In March 2018, the NATO Education and Training Network Federation Agreement and FOM Design (NETN FAFD) document was released as the Allied Modelling and Simulation Publication (AMSP-04) covered by NATO STANREC 4800. This release can be considered the culmination of work, related to Federated Simulation Architecture and Design, conducted over a series of NATO Research Task Groups from MSG-027 starting in June 2003, MSG-052, MSG-068, MSG-106 until MSG-134 ending in December 2017. Although this version of the NETN FAFD is a major milestone, the work continues and the standard evolves based on feedback, new requirements, new concepts, new technologies and updated standards.

This paper describes the background & purpose of NETN FAFD, its current modules and rationale for each, examples of use in major exercises such as Viking, and finally a description of what is going on right now in MSG-163 with evolving the standard and some ideas on what we can expect in future versions of the standard.

Authors: Björn Löfstrand
Publication: STANREC 4800 – AMSP-04 NATO Education and Training Network Federation Agreement and FOM Design. STO-MP-MSG-159-12. MSG-159 Symposium on Symposium on Multinational Interoperability, NATO Modelling and Simulation Group. Ottawa, Canada. October 2018.

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Evolution of NATO standards for federated simulation

Abstract: NATO and the Nations regularly use distributed simulation based on the High Level Architecture (HLA) interoperability standard. The current release is IEEE 1516-2010. In the NATO context, several official documents are available to standardize the use of HLA across NATO Nations:
• STANAG-4603 describing the HLA standard.
• STANREC-4800 describing the NATO Education Training Network (NETN) Federation Object Model and the associated Federation Architecture and FOM Design (FAFD).

The NATO Modelling and Simulation Group (NMSG) has a close relationship and a Technical Agreement with the Simulation Interoperability Standards Organization (SISO) with respect to Simulation Interoperability Standards and has provided significant input to SISO standards development over the last years. E.g. NMSG Task Groups MSG-068 and MSG-106 provided significant input on the modularization of RPR-FOM v2.0, and other Task Groups have provided significant input on C-BML, MSDL and UCATT SISO standards. NATO is also a user of SISO developed standards including IEEE 1516 (HLA) series of standards which is covered in STANAG 4603.

SISO and NATO standards have successfully been applied in developing Federated Simulations to support Education, Training, Exercise and Evaluation. For example, the Swedish Viking Exercises are based on Federated Simulation using STANAG 4603 and NETN FAFD. Other NMSG Task Groups apply the SISO and NATO standards to support different aspects of M&S, e.g. Task Group MSG-147 is developing NETN FAFD FOM modules for Crisis Management and Disaster Response, MSG-164 is developing the concept of Modeling & Simulation as a Service (MSaaS) to manage Federated Simulation etc.

There is a continued need for NATO to experiment with, update and further evolve NATO Standards for Federated Simulation to meet new and evolving simulation interoperability requirements and to harmonize with new and evolving SISO standards.

The objective of the recently (2018) started Task Group MSG-163 similarly named “Evolution of NATO Standards for Federated Simulation” is to further evolve the NATO standards for Federated Simulation. This includes:
• An update of the NATO NETN FOM modules and associated Federation Architecture.
• An update of the NATO reference documents regarding HLA (STANAG, STANREC and AMSP, etc.).

• The definition and implementation of a NATO Certification Service for simulator system interoperability.
• The improvement of the NATO HLA Certification Service. This service covers process, organization and a supporting open source tool (Integration, Verification and Certification Tool, IVCT).
This paper provides an overview of Task Group MSG-163 and presents the preliminary results.

Authors: Björn Löfstrand, Reinhard Herzog, Tobias Kuhn, Horst Behner, Tom van den Berg
Publication: Evolution of NATO standards for federated simulation. SISO-20W-025. Simulation Innovation Workshop, Simulation Interoperability Standards Organizations. Orlando, Florida, February 2020.

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